Baltic Oil Ltd. and Jewish Forced-Labor Camps in Estonia in Yad Vashem Studies, Volume 36:2

Anton Weiss-Wendt

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The Business of Survival: Baltic Oil Ltd. and Jewish Forced-Labor Camps in Estonia

This article examines Jewish forced labor camps in Estonia in 1943-1944. The Estonian case calls for reassessment of the concept of “extermination through labor,” reinforcing the view that ideology and contingency were complementary rather than mutually exclusive in the Nazi drive to destroy the Jews. Of approximately 10,000 Jews who had been deported to Estonia, mainly from the dismantled ghettos at Vilna and Kovno, some 45 percent survived. The Nazi decision to preserve the Jewish workforce in Estonia was meant to ensure the uninterrupted output of synthetic oil, which was crucial for keeping the German war machine operational.

Products specifications
ISSN 0084-3296
Year 2008
Catalog No. 236202
No. of Pages 27 pp.
Format Electronic article in Yad Vashem Studies, Volume 36:2, pp. 45-71, Edited by David Silberklang
Publisher Yad Vashem