An Example of “Intellectual Barbarism”: The Story of “Alien” Jewish Medical Practitioners in Australia, 1933-1956
The difficulties refugee Jewish physicians faced in Australia during the 1930s and 1940s are described. The Australian Medical Association, which feared economic competition and favored British-trained doctors, pressed the government to bar émigré medical practitioners despite the shortage of physicians. Many were forced to undergo lengthy retraining and even then were sometimes barred from state registration. The refusal of the Australian medical establishment, especially in Sydney, to recognize the refugees’ qualifications was also influenced by upper-class antisemitism.