Zionist Reactions to the Nazis’ Rise to Power in Yad Vashem Studies, Volume XVIII

Yoav Gelber


The Reactions of the Zionist Movement and the Yishuv to the Nazis’ Rise to Power

Controversy raged within Jewish organizations and the Zionist movement over the most effective method of exerting pressure on the German government to halt its anti-Jewish measures. The discussion oscillated between the traditional approach of lobbying and persuading Western governments to intervene, and the mobilization of public opinion. The German Zionists, under threat of retaliatory measures by their government, played an important role in the decision of the Zionist ruling bodies to oppose the declaration of a trade boycott against Germany. Nevertheless, the popular movement for a boycott gained strength, encouraged by the Revisionists and the press. The Zionist Organization avoided participation in protests and boycotts, giving priority to preparation for the possible liquidation of the German Jewish community and mass immigration to Palestine. The remainder of the article gives a detailed account of these preparations and the negotiations leading to the Transfer Agreement. 

Products specifications
ISSN 0084-3296
Year 1987
Catalog No. 198702
Format Electronic article in Yad Vashem Studies, Volume XVIII, pp. 41-101, Edited by Aharon Weiss
Publisher Yad Vashem